I realized it in 2010 to a static model of 1/12th scale hunter 39-40: Bloch MB-152 C1. I chose this plane because he represents the last machine that, my grandfather Gabriel PALLIER pilot and commander of the GC I / 1 January 38 to April 10, 40, tried to bring his experience in of adaptation to aerial combat. Fighter Group No. I / 1 was also for him, the last air unit oriented combat in which he participated during his career in the Air Force. He was the first fighter group to collect hunters Bloch MB-152C1 and had to participate in the experiment's tactical unit.
The Bloch 152 motor Gnome-Rhone 14N-25 was a product improvement, but there was no time for that. In this version, it could hardly compete with enemy fighters, Messerschmitt Me-109 and Me-110, or even with the bombers he also struggled to catch up. Hunter "defensive" par excellence, he was very strong impact and with a powerful armament. Unfortunately, he was assigned many imperfections which made it difficult to use in battle and even more so in the first line. My grandfather sent thereon to the command of the technical reports citing deficiencies of the aircraft. It turned out that the main defects observed were:
- A limited speed generated by a very large diameter (1m) engine bonnet,
- A very limited flight range,
- Oil pressure, engine very random,
- A lateral instability in tight or low speed resulting in a spin entry (perhaps induced by the low surface drift),
- Starting difficulties in cold weather, which necessitated the use of a vehicle start,
- Lack of heating weapons (they froze beyond 5000m),
- The right barrel fouling by dust projected on the ground because of the slipstream,
- The fragility of the antenna receiving radio (deployable airborne, on the bottom), which made it often unusable,
- The scarcity of final helices (some units had only a wooden blade, used only for deliveries) ...
The use of the aircraft in combat was also handicapped by:
- Alerts data too late to watch the view,
- With regard to the GC I / 1 at least one field placed too far upstream in the path of the bombers, hunters were therefore regularly "capped" by opposing hunting, placed it on the power of altitude and speed when it plunged to the meeting of ours.
- A range of facilities essential to the fight, not delivered in conjunction with devices: propellers, collimators ...
Hunting groups had to finally meet the shortage of drivers conveying plant, sending combat pilots themselves take delivery of their machines.
The model I made is that of a unit from the 2nd Squadron of GC I / 1, the SPA 48 (led by Captain Guard), whose squadron motto: "Sing and fight" is represented by a crowing cock . The first squadron (SPA 31, whose motto is "On Target" was represented by a bow Greek) it was led by Captain Coutaud.
the insignia of the 1st (PPS 31) and second (PPS 48) squadrons of GC I / 1
The backbone of the aircraft was extremely dense, which ensured its robustness, even if the hinges that connected them sometimes seemed more destined for rabbit hutches to a plane. I wanted to highlight this feature in the model by achieving half flayed from his left side. The skeleton of the wings is faithfully respected, but in regard to the cabin, I had to settle for a couple of two compared to reality. Another mistake I tilted the nose to the right instead of left relative to the axis cental. This inclination was to counteract the torque generated by the rotation of the propeller
The photo below shows the Bloch 152 677 coded 23 of the 4th Squadron of GC II / 6 Anglure-based Vouarces (Sgt Geillon) 6 June 40, the driver struck in combat has arisen as to Viels -Houses (Aisne). The robustness of the machine structure, is clearly demonstrated, given the force of impact.
Some pictures I took of my model: